How do you know if you have measles
Measles is an infection that mainly affects children but as a norm, also occurs in individuals at any age.
Measles is usually caused by a virus that resides in mucus within the throat and nasal cavity.
The virus can be easily be passed on through coughing, sneezing and even physical contact.
Measles is considered as being highly infectious due to the ability of the virus to remain active for up to 2 hours when outside the body: in infected droplets of mucus.
For individuals who might be wondering – how do you know if you have measles? The following overview will help shed more light on this
Signs and symptoms of measles
This is perhaps one of the best ways through which you can determine if you have measles.
Once a person gets infected with the virus, it tends to incubate at the back of the throat and the lungs after which it rapidly multiplies before spreading throughout the body.
The following are some of the most common symptoms that are as a result of this
· High body temperature, fever and a runny nose are usually the first symptoms
· Small white spots inside the mouth occur a day after the initial symptoms and can persist for a few days
· A harsh dry cough
· Diarrhea and vomiting
· Lack of appetite
· A red rash which starts from the head and neck: usually occurs 3 to 4 days after the initial symptoms.
The rash spreads to the rest of the body, turns a brownish color and eventually fades off
How is it diagnosed?
A diagnosis from a qualified medical practitioner is considered as the best way through which individuals can ascertain if they have measles.
A medical practitioner can be able to determine if an individual has measles from the combination of symptoms one might be experiencing.
However, a simple saliva or blood test can also be able to determine this and is usually carried out in the event that the symptoms are not clear-cut as measles symptoms
What complications can be brought about by measles?
Complications due to measles are quite rare but this does not necessarily mean that they are non-existent.
Some of the complications associated with measles include eye infections, inflammation of the voice box and chronic ear infections that can bring about acute ear ache
What are the treatment options for measles?
Being a virus, measles does not have a clear cut treatment regime.
As a norm, the body’s immune system usually fights off the virus and as such, medicine provided is mainly aimed at alleviating the symptoms associated with this medical condition.
For individuals who might be asking themselves – how do you know if you have measles?, the above overview will help you know this but remember: it is important to seek out professional help once you discover that you have any of the above symptoms